I tried setting up Jenkins in EC2 for CICD on AWS Using Cloudformation




I am aayush

Creating build functions from open source tools rather than code builds has its own advantages and disadvantages

So I will list how I used jenkins on my ec2 instance and the advantages and disadvantages of using jenkins against the aws CICD service

Advantages of using Jenkins on the AWS CICD service include

  • Flexibility: Jenkins is a highly configurable and customizable tool that can accommodate a wide range of use cases and integration options.
  • Community support: Jenkins has a large and active community, meaning there is a wealth of resources, plug-ins, and tutorials available to users.
  • Open source: Jenkins is open source software, which means it is free to use and can be modified to suit specific needs.

Disadvantages of Jenkins over the AWS CICD service include

  • Complexity: Jenkins can be complex to set up and maintain, especially for users with limited technical expertise.
  • Scalability: Jenkins may not be able to handle large CI/CD pipeline workloads as well as the more specialized AWS CICD service.
  • Security: Jenkins may not have the same level of built-in security features as some specialized AWS CICD services.

I Tried

Creating Infrastructure Cloudformation template for creating Ec2 resources.

Update your amazon linux 2 AMI ID to the appropriate region.

You will also need to create a name for the key pair and update it in the template.

AWSTemplateFormatVersion: '2010-09-09'
    Type: 'AWS::EC2::Instance'
      InstanceType: t2.micro
      ImageId: ami-0bba69335379e17f8
        - !Ref JenkinsSecurityGroup
        "Fn::Base64": !Sub |
          # setup Jenkins on EC2
          sudo yum update -y
          sudo wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/jenkins.repo \
          sudo rpm --import https://pkg.jenkins.io/redhat-stable/jenkins.io.key
          sudo yum upgrade
          sudo amazon-linux-extras install java-openjdk11 -y
          sudo yum install jenkins -y
          sudo systemctl enable jenkins
          sudo systemctl start jenkins
      KeyName: TokyoPersonal
    Type: 'AWS::EC2::SecurityGroup'
      GroupDescription: Allow traffic to Jenkins
        - IpProtocol: tcp
          FromPort: 8080
          ToPort: 8080
        - IpProtocol: tcp
          FromPort: 22
          ToPort: 22
    Description: The URL for the Jenkins instance
    Value: !Sub "http://${JenkinsInstance.PublicIp}:8080"
      Name: JenkinsURL

The URL will appear in the output section of the Cloudformation in management console. Or Open a browser and hit the public IP and port 8080.


Configuring Jenkins

As soon as you open the link, the following screen will appear for the first time only.


Log in to the ec2 instance and retrieve the password.
Select the instance and click Connect

The following screen will appear and you can connect in any way you wish. In this case, we used Ec2 Instance Connect, but we recommend using Session Manager.

After connecting, use the cat command to obtain the password.

sudo cat /var/lib/jenkins/secrets/initialAdminPassword

Copy and paste the output into Unlock jenkins Screen.

In this case, we installed the recommended plug-ins.

It will install all necessary plugins you will see a list of plugins in the image below.

Then add your username, password, full name, and email address, and click "Save & Continue"

Confirm the Jenkins Url and click Save and Finish.

You are ready to use Jenkins. Click Start using Jenkins.

The dashboard will appear



Now that the infrastructure has been successfully created, all that remains is to optimize and further configure jenkins. We will write more about other settings in the future.